Southampton: Photo-Zincographed by Her Majesty's Command at the Ordnance Survey Office, Southampton, Colonel Sir H. James, Director. 1862. First ed. Folio, (vi), 16 pp.; illustration, text in red and black. The original 4 pp. prospectus has been tipped-in following the text. Decoratively blind-embossed cloth with gilt title and emblem, recased with new cloth spine and new endpapers. Light foxing restricted to the title page; a very good copy. Item #17453
In 1859, Sir Henry James at the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, J.W. Osborne, head of the Government Survey Office in Melbourne and E.I. Asser in the Netherlands are credited with the introduction of photo-planographic printing from zinc plates; James made the first successful attempts on zinc at Southampton, in 1859. It proved to be a quick, cost effective and accurate means of making facsimiles or reductions in scale of official maps. Gernsheim, THE HISTORY OF PHOTOGRAPHY, 1685-1914 p. 547 "Besides Ordnance Survey maps, facsimiles of parts of the Domesday Book were published in 1861 (Cornwall) and 1862 (Hampshire). The Ordnance Survey Department also undertook facsimile reproductions for a large number of books..." An important advancement to the field of photomechanical reproduction.